Mature woman squinting at phone

Macular Degeneration

Have you noticed changes like blurry vision or straight lines appearing crooked? You may have macular degeneration.

Early diagnosis is key. Our skilled ophthalmologists in Wilmington, DE, can recognize the signs and treat you at one of our three offices.

We're here to help you preserve your vision. Contact Eye Physicians and Surgeons, P.A. to request an eye care appointment today.

What Is Macular Degeneration?


Macular degeneration is an age-related disease in which the macula—the part of the eye responsible for central vision—slowly degrades over time. If left untreated, it can lead to central vision blindness.

A Closer Look at the Macula

The macula is responsible for your central vision. It is located at the back of your eye in the middle of your retina.
Illustration of macular degeneration in the eye (positions of the macula, optic disc (blind spot), blood vessels, optic nerve, lens, cornea, pupil, iris, sclera, choroid, retina). Three boxes that show a normal macula,
Macular degeneration can take one of two forms: wet or dry macular degeneration. Attending routine eye exams and disease screenings at our Wilmington, Newark, or Dover, DE, offices can help us identify any issues early and provide treatment that can save your vision. 

Worried You Have Macular Degeneration? Contact Us at Any Time

If you have noticed vision changes, like blurring or blind spots, you may need care from an eye specialist. Patients can reach our office and speak to our dedicated team.

Common Causes Of Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss in America. Since patients 55 and older are most at risk for macular degeneration, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration, or AMD. In addition to your age, these risk factors can affect your chance of developing macular degeneration:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Race (more common in Caucasians)
  • Family history
  • Gender (more common in women)
  • Cardiovascular issues

Does Age-Related Macular Degeneration Always Have Symptoms?

Unfortunately, it does not. In some cases, patients may not even know that they have this disease.

That's why it's important to understand the risk factors and attend your regular vision appointments. Each standard appointment at our Wilmington, Dover, and Newark offices includes eye disease screening.

If you are at risk for age-related macular degeneration, we recommend you visit us for an exam each year or whenever you begin experiencing symptoms.

If You Have Macular Degeneration Your Vision May Look Like This

Typically, your vision consists of both what you can see straight ahead and from your peripherals. As the disease progresses, however, you lose your central field of vision.
Macular degeneration can turn simple straight lines into sudden curves. It can also cause blind spots. Reach out to our ophthalmologists if the image on the right looks familiar. We can diagnose and treat your AMD to improve your health and preserve your vision.

Act Now If You've Noticed Vision Changes

It's common to experience changes in your central vision as you age. However, if those changes include blind spots and trouble seeing in low light, they may be a result of macular degeneration, and should be discussed with a doctor as soon as possible.

You can potentially improve your outcome and prevent wet AMD (the more advanced form of the disease) by seeking eye treatment today. Our compassionate ophthalmologists can help you feel at ease and in control at your appointment.

We can diagnose age-related macular degeneration during an annual comprehensive eye exam or specialized appointment. We can then begin vision-saving treatment with methods like photodynamic therapy and injections. To protect your sight, contact our Delaware practice or call:

Eye Physician
Patients can preserve their sight by regularly attending eye exams. We have three Delaware offices in Wilmington, Dover, and Newark to make visits as convenient as possible.

"I would not go to any other doc." Wilmington, DE, Trusts Our Team


Rosemary Brown


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I am grateful to have Dr. Otojare as my optometrist. My experience yesterday was great. Love how Dr. O explains everything as she goes along and she takes time to answer your questions. I would recommend her to others. Dr. O you are awesome!!!!

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Gerry Samson


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My doc has been treating me for over 11 yrs. She is caring and very professional. I would not go to any other doc for my treatment.

The staff and techs are exceptional and caring as well.

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The Two Types Of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration can take one of two forms: wet or dry. Seeking eye care at our Delaware offices as soon as possible can help you prevent the progression of the disease and associated vision loss.


Dry age-related macular degeneration is characterized by the slow breakdown of the cells of the macula. As a result, your central line of vision becomes blurry, which is one of the first symptoms.

Another symptom is the presence of drusen, or yellow tissue deposits, under the retina. The amount and size of the drusen characterize each stage of dry AMD, with more and larger drusen appearing during the advanced stage. Dry AMD can quickly turn into wet AMD with no warning.


Wet age-related macular degeneration always begins as dry age-related macular degeneration. Wet AMD results from the development of leaking blood vessels beneath the macula, which impairs vision.

A quickly advancing condition, wet AMD causes the majority of AMD-related blindness cases. An early sign of wet AMD is straight lines appearing crooked and curved, which can make daily activities like driving or biking hazardous.

Exploring Wet AMD Treatment

While this eye disease is not curable, its effects can be reduced. Wet AMD is commonly treated with the following therapies:

Thermal Laser Photocoagulation

Wet AMD is known for resulting in leaking blood vessels. We can use a targeted laser beam to seal them off.

Photodynamic Therapy

This treatment uses a laser in combination with a light-activated drug called Verteporfin to eliminate leaking blood vessels in the eye. This quick and painless therapy can temporarily slow the progression of vision loss.

Anti-VEGF Injections

We can inject anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) into the eye. The anti-VEGF will inhibit the growth of abnormal cells that can cause the disease to progress.

"Always a pleasure to be there." Why Wilmington, DE, Patients Visit Us


Laura Ashby


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I’m extremely happy with the level of care and professionalism of the doctor and technicians and those responsibly for scheduling , billing, etc. My vision has significantly improved as well!! I believe Dr. Minkovitz is the best eye surgeon in Delaware.

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Sharon Parker


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ALWAYS a pleasure to be there. Dr. O is the nicest, sweetest person. Never had a rude staff person ever. They know what they are doing!


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Staff at Eye Physicians and Surgeons, P.A.

Eye Physicians and Surgeons, P.A.

Eye Physicians and Surgeons, P.A., has been a trusted fixture in the community for more than three decades. Our caring, expert staff is affiliated with the:

  • American Medical Association
  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • Delaware Academy of Ophthalmology

Call us at (302) 652-3353, use our online form to request a consultation, or email us.

Message Our Staff

"Wonderful staff and lots of friendly faces. Everyone eager to answer questions and make your visit a pleasant experience. Cataract surgery with Dr. Minkovitz was terrific - his surgical staff was efficient and helpful. Thanks Eye Physicians and Surgeons!"

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