Eye conditions including nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and presbyopia are common, easily treated refractive errors. Refractive errors are often the result of an irregularly shaped cornea. The cornea is located at the front of the eye, covering the pupil and iris. It works in conjunction with the lens to focus, or refract, light onto the retina. An irregularly shaped cornea skews how light is focused on the retina, which causes the vision to blur - a condition callled astigmatism.
Refractive errors are easily treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery—LASIK, PRK, etc. We have extensive experience correcting the refractive eye conditions of the residents of Wilmington, Delaware. To correct you nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia, contact Eye Physicians and Surgeons, P.A.
Commonly known as nearsightedness, it is the most common of the refractive eye conditions. Due to a longer than normal eye or a steeper than normal cornea, light is focused in front of the retina, making objects at a distance appear blurry. Myopia can be mild, moderate, or severe.
Signs of myopia often present themselves in childhood and include squinting to see things at a distance and holding objects close to the face. Myopia is commonly inherited.
Easily diagnosed in a basic eye exam, myopia is also easily treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery including LASIK, PRK, LASEK, and Epi-LASIK. Contact us to learn more about the right treatment for you.
Also called farsightedness, those with hyperopia have the opposite problem of those with myopia—objects that are close up appear more blurry than those far away. This occurs because the cornea's flatter shape or the eye's shorter length causes light to land at a point behind the retina. As with myopia, hyperopia can be mild, moderate, or severe.
While severe hyperopia typically appears in childhood, those who are only mildly farsighted may not notice anything wrong until older, and especially when their eyes become tired when doing an activity such as reading.
A comprehensive eye exam by one of the eye doctors at Eye Physicians and Surgeons, PA in Wilmington, Delaware will detect farsightedness. Treatment includes eyeglasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery including LASIK, PRK, LASEK, Epi-LASIK, and Conductive Keratoplasty (CK).
Presbyopia is age-related condition that occurs as the lens of the eye ages and loses flexibility. A natural consequence of the aging process, those with presbyopia notice that reading becomes difficult, particularly in poor light. To compensate, they may hold their reading material further away.
Presbyopia is easily diagnosed during an eye exam. Treatments include prescription or over the counter reading glasses, contact lenses (including monovision), refractive surgery including LASIK and CK, and implantable lenses including ReSTOR® and Crystalens®.
Learn More About Myopia, Hyperopia, and Presbyopia
It is essential to determine whether blurry vision is caused by a simple refractive condition, or by a more serious medical condition. The eye doctors at Eye Physicians and Surgeons, PA diagnose and treat all refractive and disease related eye conditions. To schedule an appointment to correct your vision, contact us today.